Andy Griffith, who starred in one of the most popular sitcoms of the 1960s, returned to television in a new sitcom in the fall of 1970. This time, rather than a rural sheriff, his character was the headmaster of a prestigious private school. It was the season of relevancy and thus The Headmaster featured stories supposedly relevant to teenagers: there were episodes that involved drugs, miniskirts and rebellion. Although early Nielsen ratings were decent, the series soon sank. Reviews were sharply critical of the series, which was replaced in mid-season 1971 by The New Andy Griffith Show, which itself was canceled as part of the CBS rural purge. Griffith was able to make a career resurgence in the mid-1980s with Matlock, proving that viewers had forgive him for The Headmaster.
Following the conclusion of the 1967-1968 season, Andy Griffith left his long-running CBS sitcom, The Andy Griffith Show, and the beloved character of Sheriff Andy Taylor. He had appeared in 249 episodes over the course of eight years. The series continued without him in the form of Mayberry R.F.D., with Ken Berry starring as Sam Jones, a widower who finds himself elected to Mayberry’s town council. Griffith would make five guest appearances on Mayberry R.F.D. between 1968 and 1969. He also starred in a 1969 film titled Angel in My Pocket.
Broadcasting reported in its September 15th, 1969 issue that Griffith would return to CBS in a new sitcom planned for the 1970-1971 season; Richard O. Linke, a producer for both The Andy Griffith Show and Mayberry R.F.D., would executive produce the new show . And in the November 17th, 1969 issue, a sitcom also titled The Andy Griffith Show from CBS-TV Productions was included in a list of likely pilots for the 1970-1971 season. Broadcasting called it a “contemporary comedy” and noted that it had been ordered to series without a pilot episode. Aaron Ruben, another longtime producer of the 1960-1968 The Andy Griffith Show, would join Linke in producing the new sitcom .
In February 1970, when CBS announced its fall schedule, Griffith’s new series had been given a title, The Headmaster, and a time slot, Fridays from 8:30-9PM, where it would follow The Interns (a new drama) and precede The CBS Friday Night Movies. The Headmaster would replace Hogan’s Heroes, which was shifted to the 7:30-8PM time slot on Sundays for its sixth and final season. The same time slot had once been held by Gomer Pyle U.S.M.C., a spin-off of The Andy Griffith Show, from 1967 to 1969. Cecil Smith, writing in The Los Angeles Times about the 1970-1971 season as a whole, noted that “the emphasis at CBS seemed to be on contemporary urban drama to counteract the network’s rube-tube image of recent years” .
Broadcasting called The Headmaster one of the new shows on CBS “calculated to generate a youth mystique,” although in its March 9th issue it called the series The Andy Griffith Show, suggesting that the title change had not yet spread throughout the entire television industry . Clarence Petersen also referred to the series as The Andy Griffith Show in a March 8th article .
In The Headmaster, Griffith would star as Andy Thompson, the headmaster of a small, coeducational private school in California. Joining Griffith in the cast were Claudette Nevins as Margaret Thompson, Andy’s wife and an English teacher at the school, Jerry Van Dyke as Jerry Brownell, the school’s football coach and Parker Fennelly as Mr. Purdy, the school custodian. In the CBS fall preview for The Headmaster, Griffith explained that “since all of our students are teenagers we’re going to try to deal with many of the situations that young people come up against these days. And in all of these stories there’ll be a combination of comedy and drama” .
Copyright © TV Guide, 1970 
TV Guide quoted producer Aaron Ruben as calling The Headmaster a “comedy-drama, with varying degrees of each” . The question facing the series was whether viewers would appreciate the mixture of comedy and drama within a contemporary sitcom starring none other than Andy Griffith. Jack Gould of The New York Times didn’t think so. He suggested that the premiere, in which a student nearly dies of an overdose due to peer pressure, was “modern TV waste,” and lamented that it didn’t live up to its potential:
Mr. Griffith and the school’s football coach, played by Jerry Van Dyke, shake their heads over the futility of their warnings but the chance to zero in on the social dilemma of the entrapped youngster was never explored. What so easily might have been a worthwhile half-hour drifted off into helpless generalities, all too typical television that invites a viewer to look at people but never learn anything about them. 
The student in question, played by Butch Patrick, adamantly refused to take barbiturates but, after being shunned by other students, eventually gave in. Later episodes dealt both with other issues faced by students as well as problems affecting the faculty. The second episode, for example, saw Headmaster Andy Thompson realizing that perhaps the school’s very free dress code wasn’t such a good idea after a new female teacher wears a miniskirt to school and becomes popular with her male students (and Coach Jerry Brownell, who wants to ask her out on a date).
Other episodes involved students dealing with pressure to succeed academically (both from themselves and their families), confrontations with angry parents, Margaret reacting badly to a student’s comment about her not understanding children because she doesn’t have any, Jerry deciding to quit after the track team loses again, and a male psychology teacher falling for a female student who feels the same way. Guest stars included Rob Reiner, Ron Howard (as Ronny Howard), Mark Hamill and Mitch Vogel.
The Headmaster premiered on September 18th, 1970. Like Jack Gould, the majority of critics were brutal in their reviews. Lawrence Laurent of The Washington Post called it “the major disappointment of this first week of the new season,” opining that “the missing ingredient is comedy” . Dwight Newton of the San Francisco Examiner wrote that it “failed to be entertaining or convincing.” And Donald Freeman of the San Diego Union wrote that “the touch is heavy-handed, the blend of drama and humor uncertain, and Andy seems terribly uncomfortable.”
Perhaps the only positive review came from Clarence Peterson of The Chicago Tribune, who focused on the acting, writing that “Andy Griffith was plausible and likeable [sic], despite an annoying (but human) tendency to preach to his prep-school charges. Jerry Van Dyke as the athletic coach was funny for the first time in his television career, and Parker Fenelley as the caretaker was funny for the thousandth time in his.”
Andy Griffith’s popularity, coupled perhaps with the promotional efforts of CBS, led viewers to tune into the premiere of The Headmaster in large numbers. Opposite the season premiere of The Name of the Game on NBC and a repeat of The Ghost and Mrs. Muir on ABC, it ranked 20th out of 80 shows for the week with a 21.4/40 share . It was the third highest-rated new series to bow during the week, behind The Mary Tyler Moore Show, also on CBS, and NBC’s Nancy .
The following week, The Headmaster fell to 38th place in the Nielsen rankings . The week after that it was out of the Top 40 entirely. By late October it was obvious that the show wasn’t working. Changes needed to be made. An October 25th article by Joan Barthel in The New York Times Magazine quoted producer Richard O. Linke as saying “the public doesn’t want Andy stark. They don’t want ‘message’ shows. They want that old Andy Griffith back” .
CBS had invested some $3.5 million into Andy Griffith’s return to television and was committed to a full season’s worth of episodes. They didn’t have to be episodes of The Headmaster, however. Here’s how Joan Barthel explained the change in format in The New York Times Magazine:
There will be no dramatic transition–his wife will not run off with the plumber, nor will the school burn down–but sometime next January Andy will be relocated in a small town down South, “about 15 or 20 miles from Mayberry,” Linke says seriously. He will have no wife, one housekeeper, maybe two children. Some details remain unsettled–he may be a farmer, or even a sheriff again. But the show will not be called “Farmer” or “Sheriff.” Of the 53 shows that outranked Andy [in the latest Nielsen report] , only five were new this season. The title will be “The Andy Griffith Show,” or possibly “The New Andy Griffith Show,” so that this time there will be no mistake. 
The New York Times reported on November 18th that The Headmaster would be changing titles, becoming The Andy Griffith Show, and just about everything else in January of 1971. Andy Griffith would “give up the rarefied atmosphere of the academy for the more familiar part of mayor of a small town in North Carolina” . A total of 14 episodes of The Headmaster were produced, the last of which aired on December 18th. A pair of repeats were broadcast the following two weeks and on January 8th, 1971 the show’s new format was unveiled.
In the new series, now known officially as The New Andy Griffith Show, Andy Griffith played Andy Sawyer, mayor of a small Southern town. Lee Meriwether played his his wife; Marty McCall and Lori Rutherford played his children. Guest stars in that first episode included Don Knotts, George Lindsey and Paul Hartman. All three had appeared alongside Griffith in the 1960-1968 The Andy Griffith Show. Critic Kay Gardella of The New York Daily News called the premiere “an amusing 30-minute episode” and wrote that “it certainly is superior to Headmaster” . Tom Donnelly of The Washington Daily News, however, was less enthused, writing that “Andy Griffith may not be the only star in TV annals to serve as his own midseason replacement … but if this is the first it is the only novel facet of The New Andy Griffith Show” .
The premiere of The New Andy Griffith Show ranked 12th in the Nielsens, better than the premiere of The Headmaster, which had ranked 20th . The second episode fell slightly to 14th, tying with Mayberry R.F.D. . The series fell again in its third week, ranking 17th, and by the fourth week was out of the Top 40 [20, 21]. In March 1971, CBS announced it was dropping 13 programs from its schedule and The New Andy Griffith Show was one of them . So were The Ed Sullivan Show, The Beverly Hillbillies, Green Acres and Hee-Haw. It was the infamous CBS “rural purge.” Griffith had helped usher in the age of the rural sitcom with The Andy Griffith Show in 1960. A decade later he — and The New Andy Griffith Show — was there to see it end.
Was the failure of The Headmaster due to seeming sophistication of Andy Griffith’s scholarly character? The Boston Herald-Traveler‘s Eleanor Roberts seemed to think so, suggesting in her review of The Headmaster that “they should have left Andy Griffith in Mayberry” because he “looked lost as headmaster in a dreary series that went nowhere” . And advertising men from Lever Bros., during talks to sponsor The Headmaster, stated that the series was “a big switch on Andy, making him an intellectual” . Executive producer Richard O. Linke was quick to point out that “he won’t be intellectual. This won’t be a snob-appeal school like Princeton, where you need a lot of money to get in. We’ll keep him right down the middle. Just plain people. Just basic good common sense. Andy Griffith won’t do anything that isn’t good for Andy Griffith, I can tell you that right now. And I can’t afford to have the man come back with a flop” .
Linke seemed confident that The Headmaster would succeed because “”the American public misses Andy on TV” . Viewers may have missed Andy Griffith but they didn’t seem to care for The Headmaster. Stephanie Harrington, reviewing The New Andy Griffith Show, laid the sarcasm on thick while discussing how viewers preferred to see Andy Griffith:
And, to begin at the beginning, the title, simple though it might appear, was probably the subject of considerable thought. Using the star’s name, for instance, is an acknowledgment of the fact that there are millions of Andy Griffith fans across the country who would watch Mr. Griffith brush his teeth for 30 minutes (which, come to think of it, would be an improvement on the “plot” outlines of the first two installments of the new series). Evidently, a lot of these fans were lost to Mr. Griffith’s autumnal fiasco “Headmaster,” because the name was not there to let them know Mr. Griffith was. With no clues to go on, they would never have figured their down-home hero for that kind of a role. The word “new” in the title is probably a tacit admission that it was a mistake to try to update Andy’s image and a way of implying that the new show is bringing back the old Andy. 
Harrington then savaged The New Andy Griffith Show, calling it “a situation without the comedy, a premise that remains under construction for 30 minutes with no results except, one assumes, the only one seriously intended–selling the products of Bristol-Myers, Lever Brothers, and Pillsbury” . To Harrington, it didn’t matter whether Andy Griffith was a headmaster, a mayor or a sheriff. Viewers would tune in if the show was worth watching. The Headmaster and The New Andy Griffith Show weren’t.
Interestingly, after The New Andy Griffith Show finished its run of new episodes and a handful of repeats, CBS brought back repeats of The Headmaster beginning June 25th. The final repeat aired on September 3rd; the following week a repeat of To Rome with Love was aired. And on September 17th O’Hara, United States Treasury premiered.
Linda Ronstadt sang the theme song to The Headmaster, which was titled “Only a Man” (or perhaps “He’s Only a Man”). According to Brooks and Marsh in The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows, 1946-Present, the song was written by Gordon and Williams .
The following audio file was originally recorded in 1970 off-air using a reel to reel recorder, then transferred to cassette tape before being digitized. Thus, the quality isn’t great.
Opening Theme Song Lyrics
Only a man.
And he walks like a man along a path.
Full of hills to climb without pause,
Climb them because he’s a man.
Yes, he’s only a man.
And he’ll give you a hand up the path.
Through the fields to climb if you will,
Climb them until you’re a man.
The closing theme song consisted of an additional stanza:
Closing Theme Song Lyrics
So hold out your hand to a friend
And help him to stand on his own
And find a path through the hills
To climb if he will
Climb them until he’s a man
Although Linda Ronstadt went on to much popular and critical acclaim in the decades since she recorded this theme, it’s one song that has never appeared on one of her albums.
2 “Network program development for 1970-1971.” Broadcasting. 17 Nov. 1969: 53-54.
3 Smith, Cecil. “New Shows, Reshuffling: CBS, NBC Set Fall Slates.” Los Angeles Times. 21 Feb. 1970: A3.
4 “Network aim: to move with the times.” Broadcasting. 9 Mar. 1970: 19-22.
5 Petersen, Clarence. “Lowdown on–and the Implications of–Schedule Changes for Fall.” Chicago Tribune. 8 Mar. 1970: SCL1.
6 From the 1970 CBS Fall Preview Special (“Weâ€™ve Put It All Together”), broadcast date unknown.
7 Quoted in the blurb for The Headmaster published in the September 12th, 1970 issue of TV Guide (its “fall preview special”), page unknown.
8 Gould, Jack. “TV: Two Premieres of Social Relevancy on C.B.S.” New York Times. 19 Sep. 1970: 56.
9 Quoted in “Better reviews for latest shows.” Broadcasting. 28 Sep. 1970: 52-56.
10 Petersen, Clarence. “TV Today – ‘Relevance’ Eludes Nets; Viewing Off.” Chicago Tribune. 30 Sep. 1970: E7.
12 “CBS tops Nielsen in premiere week.” Broadcasting. 12 Oct. 1970: 39.
13 Barthel, Joan. “How to Merchandise An Actor On TV.” New York Times Magazine. 25 Oct. 1970: 28.
15 Gent, George. “C.B.S. Gives Reasoner Show To Morley Safer, London Chief.” New York Times. 18 Nov. 1970: 95.
16 Quoted in “Second season lands with dull thud.” Broadcasting. 18 Jan. 1971: 44-45.
18 “‘Smith’ fares well in New York ratings.” Broadcasting. 25 Jan. 1971: 24.
19 “‘Pearl Bailey’ scores high in New York Ratings.” Broadcasting. 1 Feb. 1971: 49.
20 “Second-season start puts ABC out in front.” Broadcasting. 8 Feb. 1971: 42.
21 “ABC still running well despite ratings confusion.” Broadcasting. 15 Feb. 1971: 46-47.
22 “A major face-lifting at CBS-TV.” Broadcasting. 22 Mar. 1971: 78.
23 Quoted in “Better reviews for latest shows.” Broadcasting. 28 Sep. 1970: 52-56.
24 Barthel, Joan. “How to Merchandise An Actor On TV.” 14.
27 Harrington, Stephanie. “A Very Mixeg Bag of Pop and Corn.” New York Times. 17 Jan. 1971: D23.
29 Brooks, Tim and Earle F. Marsh. The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows, 1946-Present. New York: Ballantine Books (2007): 596.
Originally Published March 5th, 2010
Last Updated October 26th, 2016